6 Modern Web Technologies of 2020

Azhar Iqbal January 21, 2020 0 Comments

The world of web development is continuously varying and it is confronted to keep a close eye on everything that is going away on. Which frameworks will still be pertinent in the upcoming years? And which programming language is most appropriate for your web application? Let’s discuss six modern language technologies for advance level web developments.

In this article, we will differentiate between front-end and back-end technologies. We will start with three front-end development frameworks and then talk about three back-end development frameworks.


Front-end Frameworks


1. React.js

With React.js, developers each with their own “state” can make reusable codes. If one part has to be modified on the page (for example the client clicks a like-button), only that one part is updated by React (the thumb goes up) without refreshing the whole page.

For this, React uses a ‘virtual DOM’. This is a symbol of a user interface that is stored in the memory and is synchronized continuously with the “real” DOM. It does not matter that which browser you are using because, the virtual DOM of React will reduce faster always as it works in a more well-organized way.

Large companies have been using React.js for a number of years now, and we notice that the technology is being embraced by more and more companies. The attention in React among developers is massive and that makes it a technology that will only gain reputation in the upcoming years.

Additionally, to React there is also React Native, that is a framework which makes it possible to develop mobile apps for both Android and iOS with only one set of source code. The framework has the same technical foundation as React and with that, and for developers it has abruptly become much easier to build up mobile apps in addition to websites and web applications and this has been an attractive development for companies.


2. Vue.js


One more important beginner in front-end development is Vue.js, which is a JavaScript framework with the fastest rising and maybe the most passionate developer community at the moment. With very comprehensive documentation and a quite low learning bow, Vue.js is an appropriate choice when you want to research with a new framework as a developer.

Because of the similarity to react and pointed in terms of architecture, it is an easy conversion from other frameworks. Appreciated for its small size (that is only 20KB), flexibility and speed, Vue.js delivers yet better performance compared other frontend frameworks.

Vue.js at present still fairly has a small market share compared to Angular or React. Therefore, finding developers with knowledge in Vue.js can be a little harder. Whether Vue will become as admired as React or Angular we will have to stay and see, but due to the optimistic opinions from the developer community and the increasing use of Vue, it seems to be expected that Vue.js will bring on to develop faith.


3. JQuery


But what about jQuery? Well, it seems that the developer community is gradually affecting away from the most famous JavaScript library. One of the causes might be that jQuery does not go well with newer libraries like React. Modern browsers nowadays also hold up many jQuery-like functions, which in many cases make jquery essential. For that reason, we see that a lot more make use of pure JavaScript. For example, GitHub recently announced that it had replaced all jQuery with unpolluted JavaScript.

JQuery may not always be the first choice when opening a new project, with 300,000 downloads per day. It still achieved a good 300% growth compared to the establishment of 2019. Perhaps, even more astonishing, 90% of the top 500,000 websites still create sites by use of jQuery! This shows that a library does not unavoidably have to be new and cool to stay applicable. The choice to use a particular library depends completely on the type of project which you would like to use it for.

The changes in front-end web development are happening extremely fast. It seems nearly impossible to follow everything, but by understanding and monitoring the most important frameworks, we can put on an imminent and make better choices at the beginning of a new project.

Each of the frameworks/libraries has a dissimilar philosophy and each has its own strong point, but one thing we can be sure of is that JavaScript is the foundation of all these developments. Therefore, a development team that has strong knowledge and experience with JavaScript is necessary for building contemporary websites and web applications.


Backend-Frameworks


4. Kotlin


A programming language that has extremely grown in reputation in recent years is Kotlin. It is a current substitute to Java that is simple to learn. The open source language started to grow specially last year when Google declared that it was an officially supported language for Android. Many companies started lettering their Android apps with Kotlin, such as Slack and Netflix. Rob Fletcher, a higher software developer at Netflix, wrote:

“Kotlin is not ground-breaking, but it feels like a very cautious integration of some of the best features of additional languages.”

It is interesting to see, as a research by Pusher showed, that Kotlin was used mostly by skilled developers in the first years (since 2011), but since the statement of Google, it is the new developers, especially students, who are causing the massive expansion. Additionally, it is not completely astonishing that most of the developers at the present use Kotlin to build Android apps, even though it can also be used for ever-increasing back-end or server-side applications.


5. Elixir and Phoenix


Phoenix is built in the functional programming language Elixir, and it is a comparatively new framework that is progressively being talked about in the developer area. It is known for its fast performance and it is one of the reasons why developers are so concerned in it. For example, processing out, a bulky JSON appeal which takes about 1.5 seconds in Rails and only costs 400ms in Phoenix.

It remains important to check whether a technology is appropriate for the kind of project in which you want to apply it. For instance, Elixir and Phoenix are well-built in real-time applications, in which many relations have to be processed at the same time e.g. chat applications. But for applications that need a lot of computing power, Elixir could be less appropriate.

The number of Elixir developers is now quite limited. Elixir and Phoenix are comparatively original and there are less companies that work openly with this framework. This can definitely change in the future and that’s why you should keep a close eye on Elixir and Phoenix.


6. GraphQL


You may have heard of GraphQL. It is an open-source query language created by Facebook, and one of the most present ways to build APIs. The fame of GraphQL is increasing very fast and large companies like Twitter, Shopify and Amazon have by now started working with the technology.

GraphQL offers solutions for some very genuine problems that developers struggle with a lot because it makes loading and giving out data much easier. One of the significant differences between a REST API and GraphQL is that GraphQL offers the option to identify accurately which information you want to get back from the API. It guarantees that the software business the API receives all the data it needs in a single demand.

This comes in handy when the application contains many nested models and relations. For example, GraphQL helps when increasing mobile apps, to only load the appropriate data and thus decrease the load on the mobile network. GraphQL takes care of a lot of the transparency that REST APIs have and that delivers profit to both the backend and frontend.


Conclusion


As a developer, it is significant to stay up to date with current technological developments as much as possible. You must look at the opportunities, and also think the possible risks that new technology requires. You know, Experimenting frequently with unrelated and new frameworks helps to experience the possible profit, but also the restrictions.

The work of a developer consists mainly of solving technical challenges and that is why it is of great significance to work with established technology, which is productive to work with and has a large community at the after it.

AboutAzhar Iqbal
I'm a computer science master degree holder and around 15 years ago, I founded my own software company called RANKSOL, with 50+ in-house employees. RANKSOL offers a wide range of services including Website developments, Graphic Design, IOS - Android app development and custom application development. We are specialized in cloud telecom computing and offer IP based Call, SMS, MMS and IVR solutions to our clients worldwide.

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